In the UK, dogs were carrying the fatal disease Brucella canis, which has since spread to people. Brucella canis, which affects canines and results in infertility, movement problems, and discomfort, has been found in three British citizens. Infections can be spread by coming into touch with bodily fluids.
The number of dog-related reports in the UK has increased since the summer of 2020. Public Health England has evaluated the situation and provides vital advice to veterinary professionals and organizations involved in the import of dogs from areas where Brucella canis is common, according to the British Veterinary Association.
Brucella canis: What is it?
The infectious disease canine brucellosis, which is brought on by the bacteria Brucella canis (B. canis), is becoming a greater risk to human health in the UK.
Direct contact with sick dogs or their reproductive or blood products can result in the transmission of this highly contagious bacterial infection, which is primarily seen in dogs.
Acute Brucella canis symptoms
Human Brucella canis infection frequently presents with mild, non-specific symptoms, making diagnosis challenging. Intermittent or irregular fever, appetite loss, weight loss, sweating, headaches, exhaustion, and back or joint discomfort are common symptoms.
In certain instances, the sickness may result in persistent symptoms, such as exhaustion and recurrent fevers.
How is Brucella canis spread among people?
Humans are most commonly exposed to contaminated animal fluids through direct contact or aerosol exposure. Infections can also result from ingesting germs or through mucous membranes or skin breaches being contaminated. It’s important to note that drinking unpasteurized, tainted milk or cheese is the most typical way for people to get the illness.
Identifying Brucella canis
Brucellosis is often diagnosed with a blood test, and the illness is treated with an antibiotic regimen for at least six weeks. Patients should fully recover despite the prolonged course of treatment, and the infection is not likely to come again.
Avoiding Brucella canis
Since there is no vaccination for brucellosis at this time, prevention is essential. Avoid coming into contact with bodily fluids from infected dogs, such as urine, feces, vomit, saliva, blood, wound drainage, and reproductive fluids, directly or through mucous membranes.
Rubber gloves should be worn when working with an animal’s internal organs in particular.