In a groundbreaking move, the Bihar government has released the data from its caste-based census, shedding light on the state’s intricate demographic fabric. This comprehensive survey provides invaluable insights into the population distribution across various caste categories in Bihar. Let’s delve into the key findings of this monumental study.
A Glimpse into Bihar’s Caste Demographics
The recently unveiled data reveals a detailed breakdown of Bihar’s population based on caste. Here’s a snapshot of the major findings:
1. Extremely Backward Castes: 36% of the Population
At the forefront of the statistics are the Extremely Backward Castes, constituting a substantial 36% of Bihar’s population. This group encompasses a diverse range of communities, each with its distinct social and cultural identity.
2. Backward Classes: 27% of the Population
The Backward Classes make up a significant chunk of Bihar’s populace, comprising 27% of the total population. This category includes communities that have historically faced social and economic disadvantages.
3. Scheduled Castes: Slightly Over 19%
Just over 19% of the population falls under the Scheduled Caste category. These communities have been designated as such to address their historical disadvantages and ensure equitable opportunities.
4. Scheduled Tribes: 1.68% of the Population
A smaller proportion, approximately 1.68% of Bihar’s population, belongs to the Scheduled Tribes category. These communities often inhabit remote and forested regions, preserving their unique traditions and way of life.
Completion of Caste-Based Census in Bihar
The completion of the caste-based census in Bihar marks a significant milestone for the state. The Nitish Kumar-led government, along with key officials, including the Chief Secretary, released the report on Monday, making it accessible to the public.
According to the Bihar government, the total population, as revealed by the caste-based census, surpasses a staggering 130 million. Officials further elaborate that the exact count stands at 130,725,310 individuals.
Insights from Bihar’s Development Commissioner
Vivek Singh, the Development Commissioner of Bihar, addressed the media during a press conference to discuss the findings of the caste-based census. Holding the position of Chief Secretary, Mr. Singh highlighted some noteworthy statistics:
- Savarnas (General Category): 15.52% The General Category, often referred to as “Savarnas,” constitutes 15.52% of Bihar’s population. This group enjoys privileges not afforded to those in the Reserved Categories.
- Bhumihars: 2.86% The Bhumihar community accounts for 2.86% of the population. They hold a distinct place in Bihar’s social landscape.
- Brahmins: 3.66% Brahmins form 3.66% of the population, playing essential roles in various spheres, including education, religion, and culture.
- Kurmis: 2.87% The Kurmi community comprises 2.87% of the population, contributing significantly to the state’s socio-economic development.
- Musahars: 3% Musahars, constituting 3% of the population, often face severe socio-economic challenges, and their upliftment remains a crucial priority.
- Yadavs: 14% Yadavs, a politically influential group, make up 14% of the population, indicating their significant presence in Bihar’s social and political landscape.
- Rajputs: 3.45% Rajputs account for 3.45% of Bihar’s population and have a storied history in the state.
These statistics highlight the rich tapestry of Bihar’s caste diversity, underscoring the importance of social inclusion and equitable development.